Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was born in Taganrog, Ekaterinoslav, Govemorate, Russian Empire on 29 January 1860. He was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history. His career as a playwright produced four classics, and his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. In 1884, Chekhov qualified as a physician, which he considered his principal profession though he made little money from it and treated the poor free of charge. n March 1897, Chekhov suffered a major haemorrhage of the lungs while on a visit to Moscow. With great difficulty he was persuaded to enter a clinic, where the doctors diagnosed tuberculosis on the upper part of his lungs and ordered a change in his manner of life. On 25 May 1901, Chekhov married Olga Knipper quietly, owing to his horror of weddings. She was a former protegée and sometime lover of Nemirovich-Danchenko whom he had first met at rehearsals for The Seagull. By May 1904, Chekhov was terminally ill with tuberculosis. Mikhail Chekhov recalled that «everyone who saw him secretly thought the end was not far off, but the nearer [he] was to the end, the less he seemed to realise it.» On 3 June, he set off with Olga for the German spa town of Badenweiler in the Black Forest. He died on 15 July 1904 at the age of 44.